The SECURE Act is the largest change to corporate retirement plan laws since the Pension Protection act of 2006, so if you are a business owner, help operate your company’s retirement plan or a CPA there are a lot of changes to be aware of.
The change to retirement plans generally fits one of three themes, which is how this article will be organized. We’ll talk about the changes that affect corporate retirement plans, when those changes go into effect and any action you should think about taking. This article is a summary, please reach out to our team if you wish to discuss how some of these changes affect your retirement plan.
These changes were put into place to encourage small businesses who don’t offer a retirement plan, to offer one for their employees.
This is a change that allows unrelated employers to create a MEP (Multiple Employer Plan). The effort of this is to lower the cost of operating a retirement plan as companies band together to leverage their assets. As always, be aware of the total cost of this plan and your fiduciary requirements before deciding to join a MEP or making a plan change.
These tax credits are given to employers for deciding to begin a retirement plan program. Credits were already available before this law change, but the SECURE Act significantly increases their value. The tax credit value has increased to up to $5,000 per year for three years of a new retirement plan.
This is a small tax credit, $500/year for three years, for small employers who begin auto-enrolling participants. This is to encourage employers to use auto-enroll features, which has been shown to increase participation rates in plans.
These changes were put into place to help participants avoid the risk of outliving their money. Having more focus on lifetime income, instead of the total balance, allows participants to better understand how prepared they are for retirement.
This provision puts in place a safe harbor for selecting annuity-like products as available investments within the plan, if certain processes are followed. This is a deeply complicated subject that is worth discussing with a 3(38) Investment Manager. Be aware of how any provider suggesting some of these investments are paid, as that can likely give you a clue to that person’s motivation.
It is incredibly hard for anyone to look at a plan statement with $500,000 balance for example and know if they are going to be okay in retirement. Most of us though, do know how much money we need monthly to live our lives. This rule pushes retirement plan providers, like your recordkeeper, to focus on providing participants a monthly estimate of retirement income so they have a clear idea of how ready they are for retirement. If you don’t already see monthly estimates on your statements, your plan provider will likely begin including them in the next few years.
Currently, if you use Auto-Enrollment Safe Harbor Provisions there is a cap of 10% on the Auto-Increase portion. The Secure Act raises the cap to 15% of income. Please review if your Auto-Enroll & Auto-Increase program falls under the relevant Safe Harbor provisions. If they do, you may consider raising your cap higher than the current 10% maximum.
This affects IRA’s mostly, but the rise in age for RMD’s affects retirement plans as well. Going forward RMD’s won’t be required until age 72, currently the age is 70.5. HR professionals, business owners and CPA’s should be aware of this change.
Currently, 401(k) plans may exclude part-time employees from participating if they do not complete 1,000 hours in a plan year. This bill would require employers to cover employees who complete at least 500 hours per year for three consecutive years. These participants would be allowed into the plan for their own deferrals but would not be required to participate in employer contributions or discrimination testing. The impact of this change is not completely clear, and this provision is one we will be studying closely over the coming months.
This would allow participants to withdraw up to $5,000 within a year of the adoption or birth of a child to cover associated expenses without a 10% penalty. Taxes would still be due on the withdrawn money.
Notice requirements are removed for Safe Harbor Non-Elective Plans (Not Safe Harbor Match Plans). There are also changes allowing more time to elect Safe-Harbor Non-Elective plans, though those decisions should be reviewed in detail with your Advisor and Third-Party Administrator.
This is not a complete overview of all the changes in the SECURE Act. There are changes we haven’t covered here; we also won’t know the ramification of some of these changes for some time. We will continue to review and analyze these changes and look forward to discussing with our clients in the days and weeks ahead.
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